HTML documents are text files and this is defined by HTML elements.
|Start tag||Element content||End tag|
|<p>||This is a paragraph||</p>|
|<a href=”index.html”>||This is a link||</a>|
|<br>||Inserts a single line break.|
- HTML tags are used to mark-up HTML elements.
- HTML tags are surrounded by the two characters < and >
- The surrounding characters are called angle brackets.
- HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>
- The start tag is often called the opening tag. The end tag is often called the closing tag.
- The first tag in a pair is the start tag; the second tag is the end tag.
- The text between the start and end tags is the element content.
- HTML tags are not case sensitive; <strong> means the same as <STRONG>
HTML Document Example
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Title of Page</title> </head> <body> <h2>This is page heading.</h2> <p>This is first <strong>paragraph text</strong>.</p> </body> </html>
- The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration specifying document is using HTML 5
- The <html> element is main initial element of an HTML document
- The content between <head> and </head> are the meta information about an HTML document
- The <title> element used to specifies a title for an HTML document
- The content between <body> and </body> tag is the visible page content
- The <h1> element is an large heading of webpage
- The <p> element is an paragraph text
- The purpose of the <strong> tag is to define an HTML element that should be displayed as bold.