Develop a webpage which can make it comfortable in various sized devices (such as mobile phones, tablets, and desktop screens) will help developers to make a single webpage that can be seen on different devices, hence reducing the effort of measuring different sized devices and then making individual pages for each of them. In this tutorial series, you will learn about Bootstrap and its various features.

What is Bootstrap?

It is an open-source and free CSS framework, which helps in directing a responsive device-friendly mobile-first front-end web page development tool. Bootstrap includes the CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), and an optional JavaScript supported design template (plug-ins) that deals with typography, implementation of buttons, forms, and various other components user interface. This framework helps in faster web development and supports developers in creating responsive web pages faster.

History of Bootstrap

Twitter Blueprint was the first name of Bootstrap and was developed at Twitter by Mr. Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton. It got released as an open-source product in August 2011 on GitHub. The framework was mainly designed for encouraging the reliability and uniformity of web pages across internal tools. Before Bootstrap's existence, for making responsive sites and interface development, various external libraries were used, which brought inconsistency and gave rise to the heavy maintenance burden.

Why should developers use Bootstrap?

Here are some of the key usages of Bootstrap listed:

  • Browser supportive: Every browser supports this Bootstrap Framework.
  • Mobile-first approach: In the Bootstrap 3 framework, there is a preexisting mobile-first style all through the library and not as separate files.
  • Simple and easy to start: If you know HTML and CSS, you can quickly start working with Bootstrap, and its documentation is provided on the official site.
  • Responsive design and looks: Web pages designed using the Bootstrap framework has responsive CSS that can adjust to the screen size of large desktops, notebooks, tablets, and mobiles.
  • Easy customization: It provides some built-in components and functionalities that are easy for customizing.
  • Clean interface or Developers: Bootstrap framework provides a new and consistent result for building user interfaces in web pages.
  • It is an open-source framework with web-based customization.

Benefits of Bootstrap Framework

  • It produces less cross-browser bugs.
  • It is a consistent framework supported by all the browsers plus CSS based compatibility fixes.
  • It is a lightweight and hence widely used framework for creating responsive sites.
  • Looks, structure, and styles can be customized as per requirement.
  • A simple and effective grid system.