PHP Captcha

phpTextCaptcha is an open-source, free PHP CAPTCHA script to create complex images and protect forms from spam and abuse.

Features

  1. Small code structure.
  2. It's using phptextClass to create a captcha image.
  3. Customizable code.
  4. Security features, such as random lines and noise.

phptextClass.php

Main class file with phpcaptcha, hexToRGB and ImageTTFCenter function.

<?php
/*phptext class, version 1.0
created by www.w3schools.in (Gautam kumar)
April 26, 2014
*/class phptextClass
{
public function phpcaptcha($textColor,$backgroundColor,$imgWidth,$imgHeight,$noiceLines=0,$noiceDots=0,$noiceColor='#162453')
{
/* Settings */$text=$this->random();
$font = './font/monofont.ttf';/* font */$textColor=$this->hexToRGB($textColor);
$fontSize = $imgHeight * 0.75;

$im = imagecreatetruecolor($imgWidth, $imgHeight);
$textColor = imagecolorallocate($im, $textColor['r'],$textColor['g'],$textColor['b']);

$backgroundColor = $this->hexToRGB($backgroundColor);
$backgroundColor = imagecolorallocate($im, $backgroundColor['r'],$backgroundColor['g'],$backgroundColor['b']);

/* generating lines randomly in background of image */if($noiceLines>0){
$noiceColor=$this->hexToRGB($noiceColor);
$noiceColor = imagecolorallocate($im, $noiceColor['r'],$noiceColor['g'],$noiceColor['b']);
for( $i=0; $i<$noiceLines; $i++ ) {
imageline($im, mt_rand(0,$imgWidth), mt_rand(0,$imgHeight),
mt_rand(0,$imgWidth), mt_rand(0,$imgHeight), $noiceColor);
}}

if($noiceDots>0){/* generating the dots randomly in background */for( $i=0; $i<$noiceDots; $i++ ) {
imagefilledellipse($im, mt_rand(0,$imgWidth),
mt_rand(0,$imgHeight), 3, 3, $textColor);
}}

imagefill($im,0,0,$backgroundColor);
list($x, $y) = $this->ImageTTFCenter($im, $text, $font, $fontSize);
imagettftext($im, $fontSize, 0, $x, $y, $textColor, $font, $text);

imagejpeg($im,NULL,90);/* Showing image */header('Content-Type: image/jpeg');/* defining the image type to be shown in browser widow */imagedestroy($im);/* Destroying image instance */if(isset($_SESSION)){
$_SESSION['captcha_code'] = $text;/* set random text in session for captcha validation*/}
}

/*function to convert hex value to rgb array*/protected function hexToRGB($colour)
{
        if ( $colour[0] == '#' ) {
$colour = substr( $colour, 1 );
        }
        if ( strlen( $colour ) == 6 ) {
list( $r, $g, $b ) = array( $colour[0] . $colour[1], $colour[2] . $colour[3], $colour[4] . $colour[5] );
        } elseif ( strlen( $colour ) == 3 ) {
list( $r, $g, $b ) = array( $colour[0] . $colour[0], $colour[1] . $colour[1], $colour[2] . $colour[2] );
        } else {
return false;
        }
        $r = hexdec( $r );
        $g = hexdec( $g );
        $b = hexdec( $b );
        return array( 'r' => $r, 'g' => $g, 'b' => $b );
}


/*function to get center position on image*/protected function ImageTTFCenter($image, $text, $font, $size, $angle = 8) 
{
$xi = imagesx($image);
$yi = imagesy($image);
$box = imagettfbbox($size, $angle, $font, $text);
$xr = abs(max($box[2], $box[4]))+5;
$yr = abs(max($box[5], $box[7]));
$x = intval(($xi - $xr) / 2);
$y = intval(($yi + $yr) / 2);
return array($x, $y);
}

}
?>

demo.php

This file is used to obtain submitted form data and used to validate the captcha image.

<?php session_start();

if(isset($_POST['Submit'])){
// code for check server side validation
if(empty($_SESSION['captcha_code'] ) || strcasecmp($_SESSION['captcha_code'], $_POST['captcha_code']) != 0){  
$msg="<span style='color:red'>The Validation code does not match!</span>";// Captcha verification is incorrect.
}else{// Captcha verification is Correct. Final Code Execute here!
$msg="<span style='color:green'>The Validation code has been matched.</span>";
}
}
?>
  
  <form action="" method="post" name="form1" id="form1" >
  <table width="400" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="1" class="table">
    <?php if(isset($msg)){?>
    <tr>
      <td colspan="2" align="center" valign="top"><?php echo $msg;?></td>
    </tr>
    <?php } ?>
    <tr>
      <td align="right" valign="top"> Validation code:</td>
      <td><img src="captcha.php?rand=<?php echo rand();?>" id='captchaimg'><br>
        <label for='message'>Enter the code above here :</label>
        <br>
        <input id="captcha_code" name="captcha_code" type="text">
        <br>
        Can't read the image? click <a href='javascript: refreshCaptcha();'>here</a> to refresh.</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td> </td>
      <td><input name="Submit" type="submit" onclick="return validate();" value="Submit" class="button1"></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

captcha.php

This file is used to generate a captcha image.

<?php
session_start();
include("./phptextClass.php");

/*create class object*/$phptextObj = new phptextClass();
/*phptext function to genrate image with text*/$phptextObj->phpcaptcha('#162453','#fff',120,40,10,25);
 ?>

Scroll Back to Top