R is a programming language and software environment used for statistical analysis, data modeling, graphical representation and reporting. R is best tool for software programmers, statisticians and data miners who looking forward for to easily manipulate and present data in compelling ways.
R was first created and developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman in the University of Auckland New Zealand in 1993. And now "R Development Core Team" is developing it.
The good understanding of any other programming languages will help you to understanding the R programming concepts quickly.