It is necessary to maintain the confidentiality of some of our real-world stuff. Likewise, each and everyone's personal data on the web also requires some privacy. If your company's personal information, business strategies, financial strengths, and plans are leaked, it can cause huge damage to the organization's reputation and other aspects. Every data used by individuals within the organization requires an appropriate method of confidentiality to ensure that the information is not in the wrong hands. In this chapter, you, as a security professional, should have a fair idea of how different tools, concepts, and techniques are used to maintain privacy.
What Is Data Privacy?
Data privacy, which is popularly known as information privacy is a necessary evil that needs to be taken care of for preserving as well as protecting employee's or individual's personal data residing over the internet or those that are collected by any venture, firm, or other third-party organization. Data privacy is considered a significant part of Information Technology Security, which gives assurance to an organization or an individual to settle on the data that has been shared over the internet to other individuals, or servers or to other 3rd party organization is secure and restricted.
Types of Data That Comes Under Online Privacy
Personal or organization-specific data that are sensitive and which can be used maliciously by others are:
- Financial Privacy.
- Medical Privacy.
- Personal Privacy.
- Online Privacy.
- Residential and Geographical Records.
- Political Privacy.
Now the question is how this private and sensitive data can be preserved while transferring from one host to another or from sender to receiver?
Tools Used for the Protection of Data Security and Privacy
- Virtual Private Network (VPN).
- Proxy Servers.
Let us get into a little more detail about these topics.
Virtual Private Network (VPN)
It is a collaborative mechanism and program that helps in creating a safe, encrypted connection over a less secure data communication channel. According to its security measures, it ensures that the data's integrity, confidentiality, and user authentication is maintained. List of some popular VPNs are:
- Hotspot Shield.
These programs are installed in the system to maintain privacy with the help of security procedures as well as tunneling protocols that are incorporated in these VPNs.
There are different types of VPNs, such as:
- Remote accessing VPNs.
- Site-to-Site VPNs.
- Hardware VPNs.
- Mobile VPNs.
- Dynamic Multipoint VPNs.
Proxy Servers are also used for security purposes as they act as an entrance between the user and the internet. It acts as an intermediary server that separates end-users from directly accessing any website they surf. There are various functionalities of a proxy server in case of working, providing security, as well as privacy, and all of these depends on the use case, employee requirements, or company policy.
So How It Works?
When you are browsing through a proxy server, all of your internet traffic streams through that proxy server to that particular address you've requested, and the response comes back to that same proxy server. Then, the proxy server moves ahead of those response data received from that particular website to the user who is using that proxy server.