Git is one of the popular platforms for code hosting. It also helps in version controlling and collaborating with multiple developers to work on the same project and update it online. In this tutorial, you will be learning about the introduction of Git and why developers must use it.

What is Git?

You can periodically update and keep a backup of your projects after updating or release new builds for your project. So a project could be anything, right from a web application (which may contain HTML, CSS, JS, or JSON files) to an IoT's python sets of code for Arduino. Anything can be stored, reused, shared for collaboration, and this can be done both in public and private mode. Git keeps a history of every project, i.e., Git keeps track of every change made by any collaboration team member. Moreover, it allows developers to work simultaneously on the same project, which does not collide or clash with each other's changes on that particular project.

Some Advantages of Git

  1. Workability Speed: Since most of Git's operations and commands in Git get executed locally, it becomes beneficial regarding working speed. This is all because at the core of Git is the C code running that avoids run-time operating costs than other high-level languages.
  2. Size: When you download anything from Git, it mirrors every file of the project residing within that repository. But this does not affect, and the data size on the client-side remains small.
  3. Open source and Free to use: Under GPL (General Public Licence), Git was released and hence is available free on the internet. You do not have to pay anything to use its account; make sure you store your data in public mode, which will be visible to the entire world. But there is another option of private, which will allow you to share your project with limited developers or collaborators worldwide.
  4. Data risk: The probability of losing or finding corrupt data is the least because it creates multiple copies of the same project. When it finds data present on any of the client's side, it mirrors that repository.
  5. No powerful Hardware: Your system does not have to be powerful to run Git, or you do not have to worry if more developers collaborate on a project because it has a centralized version controlling system, which is so powerful that it can serve requests for a large group of collaboration also.
  6. Data Security: Git has SHA1 (Secure Hash Algorithm) encryption for identifying and naming its project's objects within the database.

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