As we know, programming languages have their prime things - Numbers, Data types, Strings, Variables, etc., which play a significant role in constructing a program.
When we say Numbers, we mean to say Python programming supports integers, floating-point numbers, and complex numbers. These are number-based data types that store various types of numeric values. Number objects get generated when programmers assign a value to them. For example:
variable_name1 = 10 variable_name2 = 6.2
These reference to number objects can also be deleted by using del statement. The syntax for "del" statement is:
del variable_name[, variable_name2[….variable_name-N]
All of them act as a class in Python, where integers and floating-point/decimal values are separated based on the presence or absence of decimal point between the values. 6 is an integer, whereas 6.2 is a floating-point value.
Types of Numerical Data Types
Python provides four distinctive numerical types. These are:
- signed int: include the range of both positive as well as negative numbers along with whole numbers without the decimal point.
- long int: a special type of integer is having an unlimited size and is written like integer value before the letter L (either uppercase or lowercase).
- float (real values): They are used with a decimal point to represent real numbers, and that decimal point (dot) is used to divide the integer and the fraction.
- complex: are complex numbers that take the structure a+bJ where a and b are floating-point numbers and that 'J' represent the square root of -1 (imaginary number).
Type Conversion (Casting)
Python has the capability and feature to convert within an expression containing the mixture of different types of values internally.
- int(v): is used to convert any value 'v' to a plain integer
- long(v): is used to convert a value 'v' to a long integer
- float(v): is used to convert a value 'v' to floating-point value
- complex(v): is used convert a value 'v' to the complex number having real part 'v' and imaginary part as 0
- complex(u,v): is used convert values u and v to the complex number with real part 'u' and imaginary part 'v'
x = 10.5 y = 5 #without type cast print (x + y) #after type cast print (int(x) + y)
The above example shows how float converted to an integer.