## PHP Examples Tutorial Index

Creating a multiplication table in PHP is an excellent exercise for applying PHP syntax and understanding nested loops. This tutorial will guide you through creating a basic PHP script to display a multiplication table, which is particularly useful in educational contexts or any application where understanding multiplication relationships is valuable.

## What is a Multiplication Table?

A multiplication table is a helpful mathematical chart that shows the products of two sets of numbers—one set is listed down the left column and the other across the top row. Each cell in the table contains the product of the corresponding row and column numbers. These tables are essential educational tools that help individuals perform mental calculations more quickly and understand basic arithmetic operations.

## Implementing a Multiplication Table in PHP

To generate a multiplication table in PHP, nested for loops are utilized. The outer loop iterates through each row (multiplier), while the inner loop iterates through each column (multiplicand), multiplying the two indices at each intersection.

Example:

<?php
// Define the number of rows and columns
\$rows = 10;
\$columns = 10;

// Start the HTML table with borders for clarity
echo "<table border='1'>";
// Generate rows of the table
for (\$i = 1; \$i <= \$rows; \$i++) {
echo "<tr>"; // Start a new row
// Generate columns within the row
for (\$j = 1; \$j <= \$columns; \$j++) {
echo "<td>" . \$i * \$j . "</td>"; // Calculate and display the product
}
echo "</tr>"; // End the row
}
echo "</table>"; // Close the table
?>

Output:

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 90 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Explanation:

1. Initialize Variables: Set \$rows and \$columns to define the table size.
2. Begin HTML Table: Start with an HTML table tag, setting borders for visibility.
3. Nested Loops: Use a for-loop for rows and another nested for-loop for columns to populate the table with products of the corresponding row and column indices.
4. Output: Each product is placed in a table cell (<td>), dynamically created within the loop structure.

## Conclusion

In this tutorial, you have learned how to use PHP to create a multiplication table of 10x10. By understanding and implementing nested loops and dynamic HTML content generation, you can improve your PHP programming skills. You can also extend this example by adding CSS for styling or modifying the script to allow users to define the table size, making the table more dynamic and interactive.