Java Programming Tutorial Index
Java Fundamentals

The way we calculate mathematical calculations, in the same way, Java provides arithmetic operators for mathematical operations. It provides operators for all necessary mathematical calculations.

Basic Arithmetic Operators

There are various arithmetic operators used in Java:

Operator Meaning Work
+ Addition To add two operands.
- Subtraction To subtract two operands.
* Multiplication To multiply two operands.
/ Division To divide two operands.
% Modulus To get the area of the division of two operands.

Arithmetic operators are applied on integer and floating-point and not on boolean types. But you can use them on the characters' because, in Java, Char is sub-set of the integer.

Program to Show Arithmetic Operators Works

Example:

public class arithop {
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  //Variables Definition and Initialization
  int number1 = 12, number2 = 4;

  //Addition Operation
  int sum = number1 + number2;
  System.out.println("Sum is: " + sum);

  //Subtraction Operation
  int dif = number1 - number2;
  System.out.println("Difference is : " + dif);

  //Multiplication Operation
  int mul = number1 * number2;
  System.out.println("Multiplied value is : " + mul);

  //Division Operation
  int div = number1 / number2;
  System.out.println("Quotient is : " + div);

  //Modulus Operation
  int rem = number1 % number2;
  System.out.println("Remainder is : " + rem);

 }
}

Output:

Sum is: 16
Difference is : 8
Multiplied value is : 48
Quotient is : 3
Remainder is : 0