Python Programming Examples Tutorial Index

Python Number Programs

This tutorial gives a detailed explanation of generating random numbers in Python. It helps you to understand different random methods by examples to improve your understanding of this essential part of Python programming.

Importing the Random Module

All random number operations begin with importing the Python random module, an in-built Python module used to generate random numbers:

import random

Method 1: Generate a Random Float with random()

The random() function produces a random float value between 0.0 and 1.0. The following example program demonstrates its usage:

import random
random_float = random.random()

Method 2: Generate a Random Integer with randint()

The randint(a, b) function generates a random integer value between a and b (inclusive). For example, we can use it to generate a One-Time Password (OTP):

import random
random_integer = random.randint(1111, 9999)

This example program will output a random integer between 1111 and 9999, making it ideal for OTP generation.

Method 3: Generate a Random Float Within a Range with uniform()

The uniform(a, b) function generates a random float value between a and b. It's similar to the randint() function but generates a floating-point number instead of an integer. Here is an example program of how to use it:

import random
random_float = random.uniform(1, 5)

This example program will output a random floating-point number between 1 and 5.

Method 4: Select a Random Element with choice()

The choice() function enables us to select a random element from a sequence. In the example below, we utilize it to pick a random cricketer from a list:

import random
cricketers = ['Sachin Tendulkar', 'Brian Lara', 'Shane Warne', 'Virat Kohli', 'Steve Smith']
random_choice = random.choice(cricketers)

Method 5: Shuffle Elements with shuffle()

The shuffle() function randomly rearranges elements in a sequence. Here is an example program of how to use it:

import random
my_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Method 6: Generate a Random Integer from a Range with randrange()

The randrange() function picks a random integer within a specified range. Below is a working example:

import random
random_range = random.randrange(1, 10)


Through this tutorial, we explored various methods to generate random numbers in Python, which are extremely useful in many programming scenarios. By effectively taking advantage of Python's random module, you can significantly increase the capabilities of your code.

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